Episode 11 – The Bicycle Makes the Eyes Smile

Psychophysical well-being and the Italian concepts of sfogarsi (psychological release), stare bene (a sense of overall well-being), and reintegrare (to make whole again). The objective of this episode is to encourage you to seek out and put effort toward physical activities that promote psychophysical well-being.


Whitaker, E.D. (2005). The bicycle makes the eyes smile: Exercise, aging, and psychophysical well-being in older Italian cyclists. Medical Anthropology, 24, 1-43.

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