Multiple goal strategies - including the development of Process, Performance, and Outcome goals - positively influence the actions people take. Moreover, goals consistent with core beliefs and values give action purpose and meaning. The strength of this planning is the activation of a here and now focus needed to initiate and maintain physical activity/health behavior change.
Anshel, M.H. & Kang, M. (2007). An outcome-based action study on changes in fitness, blood lipids, and exercise adherence, using the Disconnected Values (Intervention) Model. Behavioral Medicine, 33, 85-98.
Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26.
Cherubini, J. (2009). Intentional development: A model to guide lifelong physical activity. The Physical Educator, 66(4), 197-208.
Filby, W.C.D., Maynard, I.W., & Graydon, J.K. (1999). The effect of multiple-goal strategies on performance outcomes in training and competition. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11, 230-246.